Brief description of Aybar Innovations

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The following are innovations and products of Aybar Engineering PLC currently manufactured for sale.

  1. Aybar Broad Bed Maker (BBM)
  2. Berken Plow
  3. 3-Legged cultivator
  4. Tractor Drawn Row Planter
  5. Engine driven Thresher/Sheller
  1. Aybar BBM

Power: A pair of oxen

Functions:  (1). Drains excess water in highland vertisols.

(2). Makes bed and furrow for irrigated wheat

Advantages: 1. Easy to be pulled by a pair of oxen

  1. Increases crop yields by an average of 115% due to better drainage

Figure 1. a. Aybar BBM; b. Freshly planted; c. Crop grown using Aybar BBM

 

  1. Berken plow

Power: A pair of oxen

Functions: Primary tillage

Advantages:

  1. Easily pulled by oxen
  2. Reduces number of plowing
  3. Avoids cross plowing
  4. Reduces soil erosion
  5. Reduces runoff (conserves moisture)
  6. Reduces deforestation
  7. Increases crop yields

Figure 2. a Berken for primary tillage b. Berken for ridging and wider plowing

 

  1. 3-Legged cultivator

Power: A pair of oxen

Function: Secondary tillage and planting

Advantages:

  1. Saves time by more than doubling the work rate
  2. Easily pulled by oxen
  3. Shallow operation during planting makes seedling emergence faster
  4. Levels the field hence facilitating use of row planting machine

Figure 3. 3-Legged cultivator

 

  1. Tractor drawn Row Planter

Power: Tractor with 75hp and above

Function: preparation of beds and planting of seeds and fertilizer both for drainage of black soils with water logging problem and for planting of irrigated wheat

Advantages:

  • Effective under difficult conditions
  • No need for hard currency
  • Adjustable seed rates, fertilizer rates, depth of operation, etc.

Figure 4. Tractor drawn Row Planter rear and side views as well as crop planted with the machine

  1. Multi crop thresher

Power: 8 to 15 hp engine

Function: Threshes wheat, tef, barley and shells maize

Advantages:

  1. Cleanest output (99% grain purity)
  2. Zero breakage of grain
  3. Blown seeds: Only 0.05%
  4. Safest for operation
  5. Chaff size adjustable according to local needs

Figure 5. Multi crop thresher/sheller